Виртуальная экскурсия по англо-говорящим странам
методическая разработка (9 класс) по теме
Урок – проект в 9 классе
Урок – проект в 9 классе
«Виртуальная экскурсия по англо-говорящим странам».
Солодилова Вера Николаевна,
учитель английского языка
МБОУ «Средняя общеобразовательная школа №7
г. Сальск, Ростовская область
Познавательный аспект – увеличение объема знаний об особенностях культуры Англо-Говорящих стран; знакомство с достопримечательностями Америки, Канады, Австралии, Великобритании;
Развивающий аспект – развитие творческих способностей учащихся, способности к сравнению и сопоставлению полученных знаний, способности логически излагать:
Воспитательный аспект – осознание толерантного отношения к культурам, традициям. Обычаям других стран;
Учебный аспект – развитие речевых умений.
-Совершенствование речевых умений по теме;
-Совершенствование умений аудировать с целью извлечения необходимой информации;
-Совершенствование умений читать текст с детальным пониманием;
-Обобщение и систематизация полученных знаний.
Оборудование урока: презентации, тексты для чтения, таблицы для письменной работы.
- Начало урока. Приветствие Постановка цели.
Teacher (T.): Good morning, children. I am glad to see you. We have begun our lesson with traveling. I think everybody wants to travel abroad, to see a lot of places of interest and meet new friends. That’s why our theme today is «Traveling abroad».
- Речевая подготовка (проводится в режиме T-P1,P2,P3).
T.: There are many different reasons for traveling to foreign countries. Try to name some of them.
Учащиеся заполняют таблицу:
T.: What is the best way to see a country? Advise your friends about some ways of traveling to English-Speaking countries.
Pupil (P1): I’d like to recommend traveling by car. It’s more comfortable because you can stay everywhere and enjoy picturesque places.
P2: You would travel by plane. It will make travelling much easier and safer. I hope your travelling will be luxury and you will get a lot of brilliant impressions.
T.: I think it’s a good idea. Let’s hurry up. Imagine that you are in the airport.
(В аэропорту. Используются видео картинки с изображением аэропорта (Приложение 1) и разыгрывается диалог между сотрудником аэропорта и пассажиром).
- Hello, are you an airport official? Can you help me?
- Yes, I am. What can I do for you?
- Where can I fill a declaration form?
- Please, come with me. Look, here you can fill it. Please, remember you should write in printed letters. If you have currency, Russian money, jewelry, or antiques, you should also write them down here.
- That’s all, isn’t it?
- Oh, no! Then you must go to the check-in-desk.
- What should I do there?
- At the check-in-desk, your ticket is checked and your luggage is weighted and registered. Don’t forget that if it is overweight, you will have to pay an excess baggage charge.
- How many kilos does your company allow?
- Not more than 22 kilos.
- I think my baggage isn’t too heavy. Must I go through customs?
- Yes, sure. There your bags can be opened and checked. You can keep hand luggage with you, but big bags are taken to the baggage cabin.
- If everything is all right with my ticket and with my luggage weight, am I given a boarding pass?
- Yes, it is.
- How can I find my seat?
- The number of your seat is printed on your boarding pass.
- What is the next step?
- The next step is passport control, where your passport will be checked.
- Is everything done?
- Yes, it is. Now you can go to the departure lounge and wait till the number of your flight is announced.
- Thank you so much!
- Have a nice flight!
P3 (the airport official): Attention, please. Last call departure “Pan Am”, flight number 327, exit C.
All the passengers are welcomed to the West Moscow Air Terminal by 8.10 and then to the gate number 7.
Our Airport Company wishes you all the best. Have a nice flight!
T: Let’s go to the virtual excursion and listen to pupils’ opinions about travelling in different countries.
Привожу примеры проектов учащихся. (Проекты демонстрируются.)
Project «Travelling in the USA»
The United States of America is the most powerful and highly developed country of the world. It occupies the southern part of North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of the country is Washington, the largest cities are: New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, San-Francisco and others. The American flag is often called “The Stars and Stripes”. It represents the growth of the nation. The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of American democracy.
The United States is an international center of culture. Its major cities regularly host many concerts, art exhibitions and theatrical performances.
Most Americans enjoy sports – both playing sports themselves and watching it. Major professional sport events – baseball, football, basketball and hockey, as well as golf and tennis are watched by thousands of fans and by millions more on TV.
Americans also like to travel. Car travel is the most common leisure activity in America. Amusement parks, beaches and other special attractions are always crowded when the weather is good.
Project «Travelling in Australia»
I invite you to visit Australia.
The Commonwealth of Australia is formed of Australia, Tasmania and several smaller islands.
Canberra is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Australia.
The flag of Australia consists of many elements. In the canton there is the Union Flag. Under the Union Flag there is a large seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star. To the right of them there are five white stars (one small and four big ones) – they are the Southern Cross constellation..
Symbols of Australia’s six states are together on its shield. Australian endemic animal and plant symbols are present on the coat of arms.
Australia is a land of birds and animals which cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
The Australian continent is washed in the North by Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea, Gulf of Carpentaria and Torres Strait, in the East by the Tasman Sea and the Coral Sea of the South Pacific Ocean, in the South by Bass Strait and the Indian Ocean.
Come to Australia.
Project «Travelling in Canada»
I invite you to visit Canada. It is situated in the northern part of the continent of North America. Canada has an area of nearly ten million square kilometers. It is the second largest country in area after Russia.
Ottawa is the capital of Canada and its fourth largest city in the country. It is the province of Ontario. The city is situated on the banks of the Ottawa River which forms the boundary between Ontario and Quebec. It is also the centre where the federal government sits. Ottawa is often called The Tulip City because every spring the city is full of thousands of tulips from the Netherlands. There are some large important cities. They are: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Quebec City, and Halifax.
Project «Travelling in Great Britain»
Imagine yourself in Great Britain. The full name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is rich in world-famous places. For example, Hide Park is the London’s largest and most fashionable park.
Let`s talk about London. London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural center. It’s one of the largest cities in the world. The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there. The Trafalgar Square is the geographical center of London. On the north side of the Trafalgar Square is the National Portrait Gallery. Not far away is the British Museum — the biggest museum in London. It contains a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures and is also famous for its library.
If you want to relax and see the interesting and memorable places I recommend you to visit The United Kingdom of Great Britain!
- Чтение текста с целью детального понимания .
(Используется учебник английского языка для 9 класса, авторы М.З. Биболетова, У.У. Бабушис, О.И. Кларк, А.Н. Морозова, И.Ю. Соловьева, издательство Титул, 2010, стр.96 №104)
Let’s read the text very attentively. Try to get as much information as possible. You have 5 minutes. (учащиеся читают про себя текст)
A. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has four historic parts: England with its capital in London, Scotland with its capital in Edinburg, Wales with its capital in Cardiff and Northern Ireland with its capital in Belfast. The floral symbol of England is the Red Rose. Earlier, it decorated the arms of the House of Lancaster. The Lancastrians argued for the throne of England with the Yorkists whose arms had a white rose. The war for the throne between the Lancastrians and the Yorkists became known in the history of the country as the war of the Red and White Rose. It lasted 30 years (1455-1485). When the Lancastrians won the war, their arms of the Red Rose became the symbol of the whole England.
B. The Scottish symbol is a wild plant called the Thistle. At one point, the Scandinavians planned to attack a Scottish village. But since the Scots knew they were coming, they started to prepare for war.
Late at night, the Scandinavians came in their bare feet so as to not awaken the Scottish warriors in the village. But the thorns of the thistle hurt their bare feet. Their howls of pain pierced the silence and the Scots awoke to fight the enemy.
C. The Welsh symbol is a vegetable called the Leek (or, on occasion, the flower, the daffodil). The patron saint of Wales, David, ate only leeks and bread. In memory of this Christian saint, the leek became the symbol of Wales. Daffodils which burst into flames by the 1 st of March celebrate the revered Welsh saint.
D. The Irish symbol is another wild plant called the Shamrock. This plant helped St Patrick explain to the people of his country what the Holy Trinity is. The historic colors of the parts are: England, White, Scotland, Blue, Wales, Red, Northern Ireland, Green. Sport teams of the nations wear these colors.
Для проверки понимания прочитанного выполняются следующие упражнения:
T: Find the English equivalents of the following word combinations in the text (ex.105 p.96).
-герб дома Ланкастеров
-война за престол
-война Алой и Белой розы
— дикое растение чертополох
-эмблема Уэльса – лук
-эмблема Ирландии – клевер
T: Answer the following questions. Use the information you’ve known at the lesson.
-What four historic parts does the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consist of?
-What are their capitals? Find the capitals on the map.
-What is England’s floral symbol?
-Why did the War of the Red and White Roses start?
-Who won the war?
-What is the Scottish symbol?
-How did this plant once save the country?
-What is the floral symbol for Wales?
-Who is St David?
-What is the Irish floral symbol?
-Who is the Irish national saint?
-How did St Patrick use the shamrock?
- Развитие навыков монологической речи
(учащиеся рассказывают различные версии легенд о символах Англии, Шотландии, Уэльс, Ирландии. Приложение 6).
T: Which legend about a floral symbol is the most poetic? Why do you think so? Tell this legend to your partner.
For many centuries the purple thistle has been Scotland’s national symbol. There is a legend that explains why it became the Scottish emblem. According to that legend, ancient Scandinavians (the Norsemen) wanted to plunder the land of Scotland and settle there. So, they landed on the east coast of Scotland.
The Scots gathered their army to defend the land. They assembled behind the river Tay and made a camp to have rest after a long march. The Scots were sleeping and did not expect the enemies.
The Norsemen took their shoes off not to make noise. But one of the Norsemen stepped on a thistle. That sharp pain made him scream. So the Scots heard this cry and put the Norsemen to fight
P2: The shamrock
The Shamrock symbolizes the Holy Trinity. Before the Christian era, it was a sacred plant of the Druids of Ireland because its leaves formed a triad. «Three» was a mystical and sacred number to the Druids and the ancient Irish (Celtic) religion. It may have represented totality: past, present, and future; behind, before, and here; sky, earth, and underworld.
According to the legend, St. Patrick, preaching in the open air on the doctrine of the Trinity, is said to have illustrated the existence of the «Three-In-One» by plucking a shamrock from the grass growing at his feet and showing it to his congregation. The simple beauty of this explanation convinced his congregation, who had been skeptical, and from that day the shamrock has been revered throughout Ireland.
The legend of the shamrock is also connected with that of the banishment of the serpent tribe from Ireland by a tradition that snakes are never seen on trefoil and that it is a remedy against the stings of snakes and scorpions.
P3: The Red Rose.
The Red Rose is the symbol of England. It comes from the history of the country.
This symbol goes back to the War of the Roses, which was the war within the country. In the 15 th century two Houses were struggling for the English throne – the Lancastrians and the Yorkists.
Red rose was the emblem of the Lancastrians and the white rose was that of the Yorkists. Their rival ended when King Henry VII, the Lancastrian, married Princess Elizabeth, the daughter of the Yorkists. Since that time the red rose
P4: The Yellow daffodil.
Wales has got two national symbols. These are the daffodil and the leek. They are both connected to the Patron Saint of Wales.
According to the legend during a battle against the Saxons, St. David advised his soldiers to wear leeks in their enemies.
The daffodil is also associated with St. David’s Day, due to the fact that it breaks into the blossom on that day. Interesting to note that one of the many Welsh names for a daffodil is «Cenhinen Bedr» which means «Peter’s leek».
- Заключительный этап урока.
Учащиеся письменно заполняют таблицу, описывая достопримечательности Великобритании, США, Австралии и Канады.